What We Know About Auto Brewery Syndrome (A.B.S)

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• Causes Of Auto Brewery Syndrome

• Treatment Of Auto Brewery Syndrome

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As long as the average Nigerian is able to go about his daily business in search of bread and water, and for a few exempt, butter and tea to go along, he is almost always contented with his life’s worth, hope of a ‘brighter’ future and a solidified belief in the afterlife of which he knows next to nothing about.


In today’s Africa, it is believed that the demands of adulthood and its accompanying responsibilities practically leave no room to a lot of people for careful observation of their inner body workings, functionalities or even as much as dedicate a portion of their earnings to cater for their health. Whether this is a matter of overbearing responsibility or wailing financial stamina, it’s usually dependent on the person’s background, culture or up-bringing.

But for what’s most important to man, the less obvious qualities of a person’s health success are usually the least of his worries such as Gut Fermentation Syndrome also known as Auto Brewery Syndrome (A.B.S). The fermentation of ingested carbohydrates, which results in an intoxicating feeling even without the actual intake of alcohol. It is also called drunkenness disease. 

Although this is a rare condition, as you would have guessed, it is caused by bacteria, fungi, yeast, and other microorganisms. This synthesized production of ethanol occurs in the digestive system through the endogenous fermentation of carbohydrates. An article on A.B.S published by Monitech on 30th August 2017 reads; “The syndrome works by combining yeast in the gut with sugars that have been eaten – not just sugar per se, but also the kind of sugars found when starches such as bread and pasta are broken down by the body. The sugars feed the yeast’s fermentation process – essentially the same process that goes on at your local brewery or winery – and turn into alcohol

Symptoms Of A.B.S

The symptoms generally associated with A.B.S are high blood alcohol levels, slurred speech, stumbling, loss of motor functions, dizziness, and belching – all symptoms consistent with alcohol intoxication. Mood change and other neurological complications may also exist. A.B.S can be severe enough that its symptoms may lead to other conditions such as Diabetes A, it can also prompt a rise in blood pressure, liver problems, and even heart problems from excessive production of alcohol by the body.

Treating A.B.S

The diagnosis of ABS can be tricky, but gas chromatography has been found to be reliable in testing for endogenous fermentation.


Gas chromatography is the separation of the constituting components of a person’s breath or blood by heating. In this process, the ethanol is filtered from other components of the sample. Another way this is done is through serum measurements and the use of breathalyzers.
The hangover feeling as a result of A.B.S is first treated before the administration of fungi, bacteria, or antifungal medication.